Best Chin Straps For CPAP Masks

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The CPAP chin strap is incredibly functional for CPAP patients who snore at night. Chin straps are very useful in keeping your mouth closed at the time of sleeping, and also helps prevent dry mouth signs in the morning. Breathing out and in by the nostrils is the most ideal way to sleep. But, most […]

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Who Is Most at Risk for Sleep Apnea? 5 Key Factors

Originally at: https://www.sleepdallas.com/blog/sleep-apnea-treatment-risk-for-disorder/

Man with sleep apnea sprawled out in bed

The unfortunate truth is that virtually anyone could have or potentially develop sleep apnea; if you snore or find yourself feeling exhausted during the day, you should definitely seek a diagnosis for the disorder no matter what your personal risk level is. That said, some patients are more likely to develop sleep apnea than others, and there are a number of key risk factors that can tell you whether you should be worried about your breathing potentially being interrupted at night. Keep reading to learn about 5 factors that could eventually lead to needing sleep apnea treatment in Irving.

1. Excess Weight

Obesity and sleep apnea are very closely related. When fat deposits start to build up around the upper airway, the chances of the airway becoming blocked during the night increase substantially. Such obstructions can occur multiple times every night, forcing you to wake up frequently for air and causing oxygen levels in your blood to drop. Furthermore, people with sleep apnea are also more likely to gain weight due to the lack of rest interfering with the hormones responsible for controlling appetite; needless to say, gaining more weight could make your sleep apnea even worse, leading to a vicious cycle.

2. Narrowed Airway

The narrower the airway, the easier it is to obstruct. Some patients just naturally have airways that are narrower than usual; there’s also a chance that unremoved tonsils or adenoids could become enlarged and prevent air from flowing freely.

3. Smoking

There’s seemingly no end to the different ways that smoking can have a negative impact on your health. Using any kind of tobacco product could lead to inflammation in the upper airway, and that in turn could cause an obstruction. It has been found that smokers are three times as likely to have obstructive sleep apnea as nonsmokers.

4. Family History

While your personal environment and lifestyle have a major influence on whether or not you develop sleep apnea, it’s important to note that having family members with sleep apnea does tend to increase personal risk. This could be for one of several reasons, such as an inherited narrow airway or a disposition to obesity.

5. Being Male

Men are the most likely to develop sleep apnea, being two to three times more likely to suffer from the disorder than women. That said, women can still be at risk, especially after menopause. (The odds of sleep apnea occurring tend to increase with age for both men and women.)

Keep the above risk factors in mind if you notice possible symptoms of sleep apnea, such as being constantly tired during the day. …

Q&A About Sleep Apnea with James Nestor, Author of Breath

Originally at: https://doctorstevenpark.com/qa-about-sleep-apnea-with-james-nestor-author-of-breath?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=qa-about-sleep-apnea-with-james-nestor-author-of-breath

James Nestor is an award-winning journalist and author of Breath: The New Science of a Lost Art. It became an instant New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and Los Angeles Times Top 10 bestseller. I had the privilege of being interviewed for his video FAQs section for his book about obstructive sleep apnea. I strongly encourage you to read his book. 

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Tips to Help You Talk to Your Loved One About Their Sleep Issues

Originally at: https://www.sleepdallas.com/blog/loved-one-with-sleep-issues/

Tossing and turning, snoring, gasping for air, lying awake for extended periods of time, going the bathroom multiple times per night. These are all common – and frustrating – sleep issues that have a detrimental effect on sleep quality and quantity – for the sufferer, to be sure, but also for those with whom they share a bed, bedroom, or even a home. 

More often than not, sleep issues like these are a sign of an underlying sleep disorder or other health concern that needs to be addressed. And while it’s certainly unfortunate that a sleep partner may experience reduced sleep quality as well, they can actually play a significant role in the solution by insisting that their loved one seek out advice, diagnosis, and treatment from a medical professional. In fact, a recent study highlights the importance of discussing sleep disturbances and their potential consequences with a loved one or housemate, as they impact the quality of the relationship and individual qualities of life. 

The Danger of Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders, such as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), insomnia, and restless leg syndrome, cause interruptions to sleep patterns and other metabolic consequences that pose a serious threat to the sufferer’s overall health and well-being, especially when left unaddressed or untreated for an extended period of time. 

In the short-term, interrupted sleep can lead to a variety of concerning symptoms stemming from daytime drowsiness. Some of these include:

  • Memory issues
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Depleted motor skills
  • Poor balance
  • Mood changes 

Over time, untreated sleep disorders can cause long-term health consequences, such as weakened immunity, high blood pressure, weight gain, an increased risk for diabetes and heart disease, among many others.

Discussing Sleep Concerns with Your Loved One

If you’ve found yourself in a situation where the sleep issues of someone else are negatively impacting your sleep, it’s time to take action. Sleep concerns can certainly be a sensitive topic, but discussing them is necessary for your health, your partner’s health, and the overall health of your relationship. 

When an issue goes unacknowledged for too long, tensions can build and result in resentment. You can create a space for open dialog by noting your genuine concern for your partner’s sleep health, as well as your knowledge that while problematic, these sleep disturbances are unintentional. Below we’ve listed a few tips on how to navigate an ongoing conversation surrounding sleep concerns with your partner:

  • Record the Disturbance. You may find it helpful to record your partner during the night so that you can replay the disturbance as proof of a problem. This is helpful if your partner doesn’t acknowledge the weight

Can Acid Reflux Medications Cause Dementia?

Originally at: https://doctorstevenpark.com/can-acid-reflux-medications-cause-dementia?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=can-acid-reflux-medications-cause-dementia

An interesting article caught my attention regarding the association between long-term proton pump inhibitor use and rates of dementia. Researchers from the University of Rostock in Germany analyzed over 73,000 medical records from an insurance database from 2004 to 2011. What they found was that patients receiving proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) for acid reflux were found to have significantly higher rates of dementia (44%). 

My interest in this study comes from the fact that acid reflux and obstructive sleep apnea tend to go hand in hand. Obstructive episodes can create tremendous vacuum forces in the chest and throat cavities, literally suctioning up normal stomach juices into the esophagus and even the throat. Besides conservative recommendations, acid-reducing medications such as PPIs (various brands include Prilosec, Nexium, and Prevacid) are usually prescribed. All these medications work by blocking the proton pump in the acid-secreting cells in the stomach. Another class of medications includes the H2 blockers, with two common brand names seen is Tagamet or Zantac. These medications are sold over the counter, as well as by prescription. It’s estimated that the market value for acid reflux medications in 2016 was $5.66 billion. 

Here are some of my comments and observations about this study:

  1. Mouse models have shown increased rates of beta-amyloid buildup in mice given PPIs.
  2. PPI use was shown to block the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, potentially leading to dementia. 
  3. Untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is also associated with higher rates of dementia. In this Taiwanese insurance database study, there was an overall 1.7x increased risk of having dementia if you also had OSA. For older males (ages 50 to 59), the risk was 6x higher, and for older females (> 70), about 3x higher.
  4. In this prospective study, older women (average age 82) without dementia were found to develop higher rates of mild cognitive impairment (1.85x) if they had obstructive sleep apnea (AHI > 15).
  5. Intermittent hypoxia (low oxygen levels), which is commonly seen in patients with untreated obstructive sleep apnea has been shown to increase levels of beta-amyloid plaques in mice.
  6. Acid reflux medications do nothing to prevent acid reflux. Instead, they lower acid production in the stomach, rather than keeping stomach contents in the stomach. What comes up, however, still includes bile, bacteria, and digestive enzymes. Pepsin, a well-known stomach enzyme, has been found in the lung, ear and nasal/sinus areas.

It’s important to realize that all of the above-mentioned studies don’t prove cause and effect, but only associations. It’s hard to tease out if dementia and OSA have the same causes (leading to an association), or if needing to take …