Eiffel Tower Facts and History - When, why was it built? Who designed?

The Eiffel Tower is considered as the most recognizable landmark or place in Paris and is known worldwide as a symbol of France. In this article, we will learn more about the Effel Tower history to know why was the Eiffel Tower built, when was the Effel Tower build or what year was the Eiffel Tower built, who built and who designed the Eiffel Tower. History facts.

Eiffel Tower facts, information, and history

Why Was The Eiffel Tower Built?

Eiffel Tower in France, facts, history, information

The Eiffel Tower was built for a variety of reasons. The main reason for its design and construction was for the World Exhibition (also known as the Paris Exposition of 1889) commemerating the 100 year aniversery of the French Revolution in Europe. The French Revolution was an important event in French history that attempted to eliminate dictatorships and divine right kings and to create a more democratic government. Many of the French officials and people wanted to remember the 100 year aniversary by improving the quality of Paris and France. Many proposed that the building of new and beautiful buildings would be a good way to commerate the 100 year aniversary. All throughout France, many engineers and designers submited designs and ideas for new ways to improve France. Of the many ideas, Gustave Eiffel's design of the Eiffel Tower caugh some of the most attention.

Its grandeur design and unique structure served as an exemplary building idea for the Paris Exposition. Thus, after years of deliberation and design, in 1889 the Eiffel Tower was built and completed.

Another reason the Eiffel Tower was built was for its promising nature of a scientific research. The Eiffel Tower with its great height could be great for experiments in pressure, temperature and radio telography. In fact, the main reason the Eiffel Tower was here today is because of it use as a radio transmission tower. Twenty years after the lease for the Eiffel Tower had expired, many wanted to demolish it for scrap metal. However, scientists and politicians wanted to keep the building for its use as a radio tower.

Finally, another reason the Eiffel Tower was built was to establish a history that exemplified the purpose of the Paris Exposition. The Eiffel Tower during that time would have been the tallest buidling in all of the world. This motivated many leaders in France to pursure this design and to erect the building.

You may also get more information about Effel Tower through interesting Eiffel Tower facts for kids.

When was the Eiffel Tower built? What year was the Eiffel Tower built?

Construction started: 28 January 1887

Completed:15 March 1889

Open to public: 31 March 1889

Eiffel Tower building stages

 Effel Tower building stages

Who built and who designed the Eiffel Tower?

The design of the Eiffel Tower was the product of Maurice Koechlin and Émile Nouguier, two senior engineers working for the Compagnie des Établissements Eiffel, after discussion about a suitable centrepiece for the proposed 1889 Exposition Universelle, a world's fair to celebrate the centennial of the French Revolution. 

Eiffel openly acknowledged that inspiration for a tower came from the Latting Observatory built in New York City in 1853. In May 1884, working at home, Koechlin made a sketch of their idea, described by him as "a great pylon, consisting of four lattice girders standing apart at the base and coming together at the top, joined together by metal trusses at regular intervals". Eiffel initially showed little enthusiasm, but he did approve further study, and the two engineers then asked Stephen Sauvestre, the head of company's architectural department, to contribute to the design. Sauvestre added decorative arches to the base of the tower, a glass pavilion to the first level, and other embellishments.

Who designed Eiffel Tower? Designers

 Eiffel Tower Designers

How tall is the Eiffel Tower?

The tower is 324 metres (1,063 ft) tall, about the same height as an 81-storey building, and the tallest structure in Paris. Its base is square, measuring 125 metres (410 ft) on each side. During its construction, the Eiffel Tower surpassed the Washington Monument to become the tallest man-made structure in the world, a title it held for 41 years until the Chrysler Building in New York City was finished in 1930. Due to the addition of a broadcasting aerial at the top of the tower in 1957, it is now taller than the Chrysler Building by 5.2 metres (17 ft). Excluding transmitters, the Eiffel Tower is the second-tallest structure in France after the Millau Viaduct.

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