D-Day facts, Normandy landings and invasion date, casualties
The Normandy landings (codenamed Operation Neptune) were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 (termed D-Day) of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II. The largest seaborne invasion in history, the operation began the liberation of German-occupied northwestern Europe from Nazi control, and contributed to the Allied victory on the Western Front. Let's learn more about D Day through our list of D-Day facts and timeline. Find out more about Dday date, D Day casualties, D Day WW2, D-Day normandy invasion 1944.
D-Day is the largest amphibious invasion in history.
The invasion's code name was Operation Overlord
General Dwight D. Eisenhower commanded the operation, and plans were made to land in Normandy, west of where the German troops and artillery were built up.
The "D" stands for Day. D-Day and H-Hour stand for the secret day/time an operation is scheduled to begin.
D-Day facts in detailed numbers
Code names for the five beaches where the Allies landed: Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno, and Sword.
The date June 5, 1944, was originally chosen for the invasion, but bad weather forced the Allies to postpone a day.
More than 13,000 aircraft and 5,000 ships supported the operation.
German casualties on D-Day were around 1,000 men. Allied casualties were at least 10,000, with 4,414 confirmed dead. Museums, memorials, and war cemeteries in the area host many visitors each year.
D-Day required detailed planning
D-Day was an international effort. On D-Day, Allied forces consisted primarily of American, British and Canadian troops but also included Australian, Belgian, Czech, Dutch, French, Greek, New Zealand, Norwegian, Rhodesian and Polish naval, air or ground support.
D-Day international effort - D-Day Facts
August 19, 1942 - A raid on the French port of Dieppe resulting in heavy losses convinces D-Day planners to land on the beaches, so discussions and preparations begin for an Allied invasion across the English Channel.
May 1943 - The Trident Conference, a British and American strategy meeting on the war. In Washington, DC, Winston Churchill, President Roosevelt and their military advisers discuss, among other things, crossing the English Channel.
August 1943 - The Quadrant Conference, where the British and American military chiefs of staff outline Operation Overlord.
November and December 1943 - The Sextant and Eureka Conferences, where the British and American military chiefs discuss the specifics of the assault on France.
1944 - The Germans expect an invasion along the north coast of France, but they do not know where. They build up their troops and artillery near Calais, where the English Channel is the narrowest.
June 5, 1944 - Allied paratroopers and gliders carrying heavy equipment leave England to begin the invasion of France by air.
In a broadcast message to troops before they leave, Eisenhower tells them, "The tide has turned! The free men of the world are marching together to victory.... We will accept nothing less than full victory!"
June 6, 1944 - Overnight, a military armada and more than 160,000 troops cross the English Channel. Minesweepers go ahead to clear the waters in preparation for the thousands of landing crafts that will be carrying men, vehicles and supplies.
Between midnight and 8 am, Allied forces fly 14,674 sorties.
6:30 am - Troops begin coming ashore on a 50-mile front.
In a broadcast to the people of occupied Europe, Eisenhower says, "Although the initial assault may not have been in your own country, the hour of your liberation is approaching."
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